Happy 94th Birthday Nelson Mandela

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Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela celebrates his 94th birthday today, Wednesday  18 July 2012 and with that the world marks its third Mandela Day.

The United Nations declared Nelson Mandela International Day in 2009, meant to recognise the 67 years of his life fighting for human rights, peace, and reconciliation.

Nelson is a South African politician who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, the first ever to be elected in a fully representative democratic election. Before being elected President, Mandela was a militant anti-apartheid activist, and the leader and co-founder of  the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC). In 1962 he was arrested and convicted of sabotage and other charges, and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Mandela went on to serve 27 years in prison, spending many of these years on Robben Island. Following his release from prison on 11 February 1990, Mandela led his party in the negotiations that led to the establishment of democracy in 1994. As President, he frequently gave priority to reconciliation, while introducing policies aimed at combating poverty and inequality in South Africa.

In South Africa, Mandela is often known as Madiba, his Xhosa clan name. Mandela has received more than 250 awards over four decades.